What are some of the more important changes in regulation that have come into effect in Europe in the past 6 months?
In this drone regulations update industry expert Yves Morier provides a summarized account of 9 significant developments in rulemaking or related to rulemaking affecting the European drone ecosystem in 2021, so you can take away the key highlights without having to go through hundreds of pages of regulations.
Yves Morier has 40+ years of experience working in the aviation industry and is a well-renowned expert in safety, airworthiness, UAS, and regulations.
EUROPEAN REGULATIONS: TOP 9 UPDATES
1. Regulations 2019/ 945 (technical requirements for drones; third countries operators) and 2019/ 947 have become applicable on 31 December 2020. Transition provisions are included in the rules, and they run until 2023. EASA has published an easy access version of these regulations that include both the rules and the associated Acceptable Means of Compliance and Guidance Material. These easy-access rules can be found under two formats: PDF or on online here.
2. EASA has complemented these rules by clarifying the design approvals necessary in the specific category and has adopted a proportionate approach to risk (SAIL: Specific Assurance and Integrity Level)
An information session on May 7 was organised to present the concept.
3. Another milestone was reached by the publication of Regulation 2021/ 664 on U-space (Unmanned Aircraft Traffic Management). The regulation includes the concepts of U-space Airspace and of Common Information System (CIS). It also defines the requirements for U-space services and requires that service providers be certificated. Regulation 2021/664 is complemented by two regulations (2019/666 and 2019/665 respectively) that introduces the necessary modifications to the manned aircraft operations regulations and to the ATM/ANS regulations.
4. A Term of Reference (TOR) for a rulemaking task has been published to update on the plans concerning the “Introduction of a regulatory framework for the operation of unmanned aircraft systems and for urban air mobility in the European Union aviation system”. The operations have been organised in 3 types:
Two Notices of Proposed Amendment will be prepared:
5. More generally, the EASA rulemaking program is included in the European Aviation Safety Plan notably in its volume II
6. It is interesting to note that the concept of a LUC (Light Unmanned aircraft operator Certificate) seems to generate significant interest. The LUC is an optional certificate with privileges that may include the possibility to start operations in the specific category without authorisations.
According to the article, the two companies DFMG and Droniq have applied for a LUC.
7. Cross borders operations are developing in Europe. Here are two examples:
Flying basket is an Italian company that have obtained an authorisation to operate in Germany based on their Italian authorisation.
Azur Drones, a French company has developed SkeyeTech that is a “drone in a Box”. It has received an authorisation from the Danish CAA to operate in the Copenhagen area.
8. Below are interesting developments related to regulations in Member States:
YMO: seems to be adaptation of German Law.
LUXEMBOURG INTRODUCES DRONE REGISTRATION PORTAL AND ONLINE TRAINING TO COMPLY WITH EC REGULATIONS – Source Unmanned airspace
In addition, Luxembourg has launched an awareness campaign.
The adoption of the new European drone regulation into Swiss law is delayed. After both the National Council and the Council of States have adopted a motion calling for traditional model flying to be removed from drone regulation, Switzerland must start negotiations with the European Union. The existing Swiss law, therefore, applies to drones and model airplanes in Switzerland until further notice.
9. There are also interesting developments related to regulations in the UK.
OPERATION FOREVERWING ENFORCES DRONE LAWS – Source DroneLife
The operation is a cooperation between UK CAA, national and local police. The objective is to significantly reduce drone crimes after 336 incidents in the last 5 months.
The article considers that cooperation could be a model for the rest of the world as it brings drone law enforcement at the local level and clarifies the role of the police.